Knowledge is nothing more than an inner knowing of reality, of a fact, an idea, or a skill. When knowledge is not used properly, it can lead to devastating results.
How Science Can Learn About Nature – A Paradigm Shift For Modern Philosophy
The most influential intellectual philosophers of the past two centuries have been Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates. Socrates argued that knowledge is the most valuable good, a form of happiness. In his Dialogues, he attempts to demonstrate how knowledge can improve one’s life by helping people come to a better understanding of themselves and others. The emphasis on knowledge, therefore, is not entirely without controversy. On one side are those who feel that knowledge is inherently evil, something which stands in stark contrast with the materialism of modern society and promotes the negation of the self, religion, and moral code.
Piaget’s formal logic is closely related to his belief in the reliability of sensations, but his system of mental causation is somewhat different from usual deductive or non-deductive methods. He uses what he calls “natural logic” to explain how certain acts produce corresponding results. In his early works, he gives great weight to the idea of aPriori knowledge, according to which knowledge is always based on some real or perceived experience. For instance, if we believe that water evaporates, then we have prior knowledge that water does indeed evaporate.
Piagetian ideas about knowledge were extremely influential in the later period and are still influential even today. In his Natural Phenomenology, for example, he develops what is sometimes called a “folk psychology” of knowledge. According to this view, knowledge is a set of generalizations that are produced by our various physical senses.
It also completely contradicts the entire foundation of deductive or non-deductive knowledge.
Piaget’s major achievement however is his “problem theory”. This suggests that knowledge, much like reality, consists of concepts and relationships that can’t be understood in their total aspect. It is because of this that most modern philosophers agree with Piaget’s idea that knowledge is mostly mental.